What Are Extreme Sports?

An extreme sport can be defined as any activity that has a real or perceived high level of danger. This can be anything from bungee jumping to hang gliding, scuba diving to snowboarding and rock climbing to extreme ironing – literally anything that gets your adrenaline pumping can be classed as extreme! Originally extreme sports were associated with adult sports such as those described above, however the term now includes sports like skateboarding and bmxing which are popular with teens too.

The history of the term 'extreme sports' is quite often associated with Ernest Hemingway who stated 'there are only three sports – bullfighting, motor racing and mountaineering, all the rest are games'. Whether you agree with this statement or not, it is clear that from as far back as the 1950s the term was associated with sports that could lead to death.

Most extreme sports are solitary activities although there are some exceptions to the rule such as paintballing (yes it really is extreme when you get into a game) and white water rafting which are clearly both team sports. Most people become interested in one or many at a young age and they usually only get a coach if they wish to take the sport further – this is clearly different to other sports such as football and swimming for example.

Another difference between extreme sports and normal sports is that the performance of a sportsman is not as clear cut. For example, a person's ability to rock climb is evaluated on more subjective and aesthetic criteria, rather than on a speed or score level. With every mountain being different, and the variables also changing in the other sports, it just isn't possible to create a set performance system. Of course, this isn't the case for all extreme sports but it is the norm for most.

Nowadays there is even an international competition that celebrates these sports known as the x games. This includes people participating in extreme sports in a controlled environment. It began in 1995 in the United States and it is now a hugely watched competition throughout the world. This has also enabled many extreme sporters to participate in a sport full time due to the levels of sponsorship received.

Whether you fancy skateboarding or scuba diving or any of the other sports that fall in between, one thing is for sure – your adrenaline will be pumping and you are sure to have an experience that is like no other you've had before!

Source by Laura Ginn

A Binocular View of the New Yankee Stadium

I’m one to always carry binoculars around in case I miss something. By missing something, I mean not seeing something up close and personal; or not seeing the larger and enhanced version of a particular shot or frame. Obviously for birding, binoculars work. One can only get so close to a nest of baby robins or a sparrow’s bird house without being disruptive or intrusive. Binoculars enable you to remain at a nice distance and still check in on the birds and see a great deal. A mother robin feeding and protecting the family can be clearly viewed from 100 feet or more without feeling like you’re hovering near the ‘invasion of privacy’ boundary.

Bringing binoculars to a ball game, however, is not the same as using binoculars for birding. As a true baseball AND NY Yankees fan, I am often a little torn as to whether or not I should I bring my binoculars to the Stadium. If I don’t bring them I will still see the game just fine. Being obsessive about not wanting to miss a single pitch, I feel that viewing the action through binoculars sometimes takes away from the pure enjoyment of watching baseball. On Friday, the day before my friend and I were to attend the Yankees-Phillies game, I realized that I had lent my Leupold 8X30 Yosemite Binoculars to friend. The Leupold 8X30’s are my personal favorite for viewing baseball. Not a problem, I had my Carson YK 10X42’s ready (I use these mainly for birding). They aren’t as light, and I wasn’t sure how the extra weight would work out for a three hour game. And much to my surprise, I found the weight to be not a factor at all. And with the extra magnification, the close-ups were more intimate. Sitting in section 215, in between third base and the left field foul pole, they certainly came in handy.

As for taking away from the pure enjoyment, we picked our spots and it really worked out perfectly. I mean, what baseball fan is going to watch an entire game through binoculars anyway? That’s pretty ridiculous. We got to our seats about 45 minutes before first pitch and got some close views of the players during warm-ups, stretching, etc. It was also really cool to see players conversing with one another, sometimes smiling and laughing. We saw Yankees outfielder Johnny Damon laughing pretty hard after a short conversation that took place at 2nd base; with the Phillies’ short-stop, Jimmy Rollins. We immediately wanted to know what these two stars (from opposing teams) were talking about. That’s what is so fun about seeing a live game. Experiencing the personal connection between two regular guys that just happen to make a lot of money playing baseball… makes fans become even bigger fans. With my Carson YK 10X42’s, the experience was definitely better than it would have been if we had not brought them. And had I not lent out my Leupolds, I never would have learned that a full-size 10×42 binocular actually work very well for viewing a baseball game.

As for the game itself, we were able to get some close-ups at key points in the game when we felt so inclined. At the end of the eighth inning, the Yanks were down 4-2. With the wind kicking up a little bit, we contemplated leaving early to get some dinner. Up to then, the Yanks looked pretty terrible at the plate. Obviously at this point, we did not know that we were about to witness the best walk-off win of the season; in a season that has already had several. Thankfully we stayed. With one out in the bottom of the ninth and Damon on first, I viewed Alex Rodriguez through my 10X42’s for each pitch thrown by the Phillies pitcher, and last year’s best closer in both leagues, Brad Lidge. In hind sight, I never would have known how great the at-bat was without the binoculars. With a 3-2 count, A-Rod connected, and then posed-just like he always does when he knows he just hit one out of the park. We watched the ball fall into the right field seats. …

Sports Activities for Kids: Why You Should Choose Squash

Squash is one of the most distinctive games as it can be played by anybody, even kids! In truth, squash is simply becoming among the best sporting activities for youngsters. It has lots of health advantages and several features which compel the parents to encourage their youngsters play this sport. Let us look further into why squash is becoming one of the best sports activities for kids.

Do you know that squash is touted as one of the best sports when it comes to physical fitness and health? Definitely, according to the Forbes Magazine, squash is the healthiest sport that’s played in the recent times. Nevertheless, squash can be considered as among the healthiest sports for youngsters and adults. Stated in layman terms, squash is useful for the heart and lungs as it involves plenty of getting around. Also, squash enhances flexibility in the body of the player as he has to maneuver around nimbly to strike the ball. An addition to note is that it also enhances the hand-eye co-ordination and the response time of the player. Furthermore, it provides the player cardiovascular fitness and burns off extra calories (517 calories in mere thirty minutes in accordance with Cliffe). It is also a great activity from a psychological perspective and probably one of the best stress reducers.

If you’ve a lively child, you will want to train them in squash. Squash is considered among the best sporting activities for youngsters.

It is sometimes difficult for children to adjust in the social world. For the youngsters who feel shy of making friends or are harassed at school, the surroundings of the squash courts could be great. A squash court is among one the greatest places you may make friends. Not only does squash boost the confidence of the kid, but may also aid him to find friends who share his own interests. Squash is a non violent game unlike rugby or football that may involve extreme roughhousing and tackling; hence, it can turn out to be one of the best socially healthy sports for kids.

Parents encourage their children to join numerous junior squash clubs since they’re certain of the security of their children. Geared with the equipment and clothed according to the game, the children are in totally safe hands. The protective equipment, normally advised by sport co-ordinators and parents alike, will aid in protecting children from getting injured, especially on the most sensitive areas like the eyes. Not just that, it may also assist in protecting children from fights and other mishaps which may happen while playing. These makes squash among the safest sport activities for children.

Squash is a superb sport which can be played by kids of any age and skill. It’s fun, safe, and could be extremely beneficial for your kids. Therefore if your kids are bored and merely want to while away the time playing computer games or watching TV, encourage him to join a squash group instead. Your child will thank you later for that.

For the gear for your children and yourself, visit the Harrow Squash Shop.

Source by Johnathon Stevens

The Morgan Four Four Sports Car

A review of The Morgan Four Four Sports Car, covering development, important features, and technical data of this the second model in the Morgan range.

In this Article, I offer a nostalgic look at the Morgan Four Four, one of an elite group of classic cars, which was manufactured during the period 1936 to 1950.

In 1936, Henry Morgan and his son visited Ford’s new factory in Dagenham.

Following the visit, he confirmed his intention that Morgan was to remain a small and flexible company, and would not follow the route of mass production.

He intended to follow in the footsteps of men like Donald Healey, who were car enthusiasts at heart, and whose philosophy was that of being product rather than process led.

By 1936, the Morgan Three Wheeler sports car had been in continuous production for 27 years, in which time some 30,000 units had been built.

However, the introduction of small, economical, mass produced cars spelt the death knell for the three wheeler.

The company’s answer was to design and build a completely new car which had four wheels, not three.

The new model was named the Morgan Four Four sports car.

The prototype was rigorously tested both in trials and on the track, and was finally launched at Motor Shows in both London and Paris.

The title “Four Four”, chosen to differentiate it from the previous three wheelers, confirmed it had four wheels, not three, and four cylinders, not two.

The car had a steel chassis with steel, later replaced by aluminium, body panels on an ash frame, which gave it the necessary strength and light weight required in a sports car.

The 4-4 was an immediate success.

The original two seater Morgan 4-4 convertible, launched in 1936, was the most sought after of the three variants.

Up to 1939, the car was powered by a 1122 cc Coventry Climax engine, developing 34 bhp.

Beyond this, it was replaced by the Special 1267 cc, overhead valve engine, developing 39 bhp, uniquely supplied by the Standard Motor Company.

Prior to 1938, it incorporated a four speed Meadows gearbox, which was then replaced by an equivalent Moss unit, fitted in the centre of the chassis, and connected to the back axle by a short prop shaft.

The car used 8 inch Girling drum brakes, activated by a rod and cable.

In 1937, the four seater variant was announced, also using the Coventry Climax engine.

Then, in 1938, and using the same chassis, the drophead coupe was launched.

This was an elegant touring car, with high doors, a distinctive windscreen, permanent window frames, and a small wooden panel at roof level which allowed the hood to be closed easily and effectively.

The early model was fitted with the Coventry Climax engine, which was later changed to the 1267 cc Special engine from the Standard Motor Company.

After WW2, all versions of the 4-4 were fitted with the Standard 1267 cc engine, and continued to be built until 1950, when succeeded by the larger Morgan Plus Four.

The 4-4 Series further reinforced Morgan’s reputation for quality, performance sports cars.

Morgans acquitted themselves well in road races, such as the RAC Rally, as well as the famous Tourist Trophy in which, in 1937, a Morgan 4-4 won on handicap.

Based on the 1937 winning 4-4, a new limited edition model, called the TT Replica, was showcased, with a distinctive sloping rear panel, and sporting a single spare wheel.

Another limited edition model, called the Le Mans Replica, was based on the 4-4 entered in the Le Mans 24 hour race of 1938 and 1939.

In 1937, a small number of modified cars were built for the race track, and featured 1098 cc Coventry Climax engines, with balanced crankshafts, developing 42 bhp.

In 1938, a works tuned Morgan 4-4, with a novice driver, was entered in the Le ans 24 hour race, and finished 13th overall.

The following year, the car finished 15th overall, and second in class at Le Mans.

Around this time, two noteworthy trials were undertaken:

  • A Ford V8 Pilot engine, developing 22 bhp, was fitted to a Morgan chassis, and produced an impressive performance
  • An Arnott supercharger, when

Badminton Rackets Through The Years

When it comes to racket sports, badminton and tennis and even squash share a very similar appearance with regard to the rackets used. Badminton rackets have been constructed primarily from wood throughout their history and into the 1960’s.

These rackets tended to be oval shaped and used gut type strings. The handles that were used were designed with comfort in mind, rather than performance, grip, or style. In the 1960’s, however, metal racket frames began to become popular. These rackets also started to combine wood and metal, which allowed the top players in the world to gain more control of the shuttlecock and points during matches.

Wood by itself had suddenly proven to be limiting, not only in the shape but also in the tension that could be added to the strings. Tension allows a player to have more or less control and also to determine the power of the shots played depending on the tightness of the tension.

In the latter part of the 1960’s, aluminum frames were becoming more popular. This allowed a variety of manufacturers and well known brand names to produce different racket styles more inexpensively. As a result, players were afforded more choices and were then able to find the right racket that would have the best feel for them. It was no longer a one-size-fits-all approach.

During the 1970’s and throughout the 1980’s, carbon composite badminton rackets hit the market and these were lighter than ever. These rackets tended to be less durable than their aluminum counterparts, but allowed manufacturers the opportunity to experiment with different composites, such as part aluminum/part carbon fiber, which ultimately paved the way for graphite in the 1990’s.

When titanium was added to graphite composite rackets during the 1990’s, manufacturers had found a great blend of the lightest materials with the best durability. Players were able to increase power and control as well as add speed to their game. The stronger composites also allow for tighter string tensions, though not quite as tight as aluminum would allow. With just the right combination of composites and strength, any player could find the ideal tension that suited his or her game perfectly. These advances have allowed the major sports racket manufacturers to produce a wide range of badminton rackets to suit all levels of player ranging from the beginner to the professional tournament competitors.

It’s interesting to see how similar the progression has been with regard to badminton rackets and tennis and squash rackets. Innovations within one sport have carried over to these other racket sports allowing many top brands and well known names to produce high quality rackets for tennis, squash and badminton.

Source by Paulo Walsh

Boost Your Confidence In All Areas

We are all more confident some areas of our lives than others, even the most confident of people have some areas they feel they are lacking. Whilst even the least confident have some areas they feel confident.

Confidence is a feeling of assurance that you can complete the task successfully with ease, in fact you scarcely consider the task at all! It may be a task related to your work or home life, something you practise daily: such as public speaking, teaching, child rearing, cooking or it may be confidence in a sport, that you know you play well.

Whatever areas you feel confident in, you feel good about yourself. Especially when you are faced with these tasks.

Many of us have areas in our lives we would love to feel more confident. So how can we achieve this, when are lives are so busy. Training and guidance from experts together with lots of practice, plus belief in yourself with all boost the feeling of confidence and expertise.

Compare the first time you tried to drive a car to you confidence years later. Consider how new Mums’ feel with their first-born, especially if they do not have younger siblings. Confidence can be learned and developed in all areas and will make you a more rounded happier person.

Sometimes teachers and parents influence how confident we feel, by being critical in childhood, but as adults we can take control of our lives and change this.

I am confident in most areas of my life, but would hate to speak in public, and I am a complete technophobe. The very thought of anything technical sends me in a spin. So these and a few others are my areas that need some work! So which are you areas will you be improving this year? A new year is a great time to start something new, what will your challenge be?

So to sum up: lack of confidence is natural, to improve in any area get good training and practise you new skills knowing you are improving in that area. Have belief in your efforts and enjoy compliments.

So will yours be a gym challenge, losing weight, or a new hobby? Or with the money pressures everyone is feeling it could be earning a second income. Whatever it is have a happy healthy and prosperous New Year.

An easy to read little book full of tips and quotes to increase your confidence:

“How to be Confident” by Anna Barnes

Source by Anne O’Dwyer

TAO Restaurant at The Body Holiday Le Sport, St Lucia

Barbados lies approximately 100 miles east of the Windward Island chain that runs from St Martin to Trinidad and Tobago. This close proximity to neighboring islands affords an ideal opportunity to experience a different flavor of paradise in less than a 30 minute plane ride. We recently visited the lush and verdant island of St Lucia, opting for a "BodyHoliday" at the Le Sport resort located on the island's northern tip of Gros Islet.

Le Sport is an all-inclusive property but don't let that all-you-can-eat stereotype give you the wrong impression: it is an experience you'll remember for the world class cuisine, highly trained and efficient staff, and its revitalizing spa, Oasis. There is a choice of three restaurants at Le Sport, all under the watchful eye of the accomplished and highly organized Executive Chef Daniel Echasseriau. There is a beachfront Deli, offering delicious salads, sandwiches, and light fare. The Cariblue is the main dining area of ​​the resort, serving breakfast, lunch and dinner. Emphasizing the abundance of fresh local fruits, vegetables, and seafood available in St. Lucia, Cariblue's innovative and authentic ethnic fusion in an overwhelming amount of well presented buffet selections is an Epicurean's delight. The efficiency and quick smiles of the highly trained staff is on par with any resort in the Caribbean.

But it is Tao, Le Sport's signature restaurant that deserves the highest praise. Recently awarded the AAA Diamond rating, the prestigious distinction awarded to restaurants that meet rigorous quality standards of service, décor, ambiance, and cutting edge cuisine, Tao is truly a world class restaurant. Tao creates a gastronomic feng shui of absolutely delicious food art from fresh local ingredients with a Pacific rim preparation. Trilogy of Scallop, a mouth watering ménage of citrus scallop ceviche, grilled scallop on filo pastry, and scallop skewers spiked with sake Teriyaki sauce was brilliantly crafted. "The Sultan Fainted" brings a salad of cumin flavored roasted eggplant and tomato with a goat cheese fondant and black olive tapenade. The freshness of the ingredients the subtle layer after layer of flavor will indeed makes one's knees weaker. All of the starters are luxurious sculpted presentations fashioned with an obsession for perfection.

Entrees take on a whole new dynamic of food nirvana as the meat ying of menu items such as fragrant Tamarind Lamb with Taro dauphinoise, Miso Pork tenderloin, Supreme of Duck with whispers of truffle oil meet the seafood yang of Olive Oil poached Mahi Mahi, Medallion of Yellow fin tuna to the sublime Seafood Tajine.

Executive Chef Daniel Echasseriau's European training and traveled palate is the driving force behind the wildly imaginative menu creations. Restaurant Proprietor Jesse Joseph presides over the dining room, gracefully moving from table to table, and leads its outstanding team of first class servers, who are informative and eager to please.

Reservations are an absolute must for Tao, which is open to guests of the property as part of its resort fee as well as to the general public.

Source by Billy O'Dell

Satellite Radio Broadcasting

Satellite radio has a number of broadcasting channels that air commercial-free music. They also are not regulated by the FCC, so their show hosts, like Howard Stern, are able to say pretty much whatever they want. However, the number of different channels that are available to listeners continues to be a key factor in subscriptions for both XM and Sirius.

On Sirius radio, music, sports, news, talk, and entertainment categories are all available. Music stations include genres like pop, dance, and hip-hop. They also offer a variety of stations you may not find in every city, like country, Christian, jazz, classical, and international music.

Along the sports line, each major sport has its own dedicated broadcasting. For example, football fans can enjoy NFL radio, while the same goes for NASCAR, NBA, MBL, and others depending on your satellite radio provider. Other sports shows available include college sports, soccer, horse racing, lacrosse, and more.

When you consider satellite radio channels that are related to news programs, you have a wide variety that includes politics, United States news, international news, financial news, public radio, and religion. Some of the more popular networks like NPR, CNN, the BBC, the Weather Channel, and Fox News are available on one or more of the satellite radio channels.

More popular satellite channels include the talk and entertainment programs, which are available uncensored to listeners. As such, radio personalities like Howard Stern, are able to express themselves freely. Additionally, other popular hosts, like Martha Stewart, Barbara Walters, and Oprah can also be found on various channels.

Although there are some satellite channels that are available on both XM and Sirius, there are others that offer exclusive programming. Generally, it is the exclusive programs that are provided through each network that makes a listener choose one over the other. However, there are some listeners that subscribe to both providers so that they can gain access to all available channels.

In the near future, the merger between XM and Sirius will allow listeners to get the best of both networks. While each one uses different equipment and signals to broadcast their information, the merger will most likely create a type of converter, as well as a new system, that will allow listeners easier access to their favorite programs.

Until then, the only option available is to pick on type of satellite radio channels over the other provider or choose to subscribe to both. Most people pick the one that interests them the most, purchase the receiver, and start enjoying their new satellite radio.

Source by Bob Maines

Betting On Horse Racing Using A Dutching Calculator

The core of any punter’s arsenal is the dutching calculator, which is indeed a very influential tool. Dutching (as reputedly named after Al Capone’s accountant who liked to use this method to back horses) is an excellent way of wagering more than one horse in a race such that if either of them win then the return is the same no matter who wins.

Dutching techniques are used when one analyses a race to find two, or more, powerful horses in the race. One then has a variety of options. The first, and simplest, is to leave the race alone. The next is to try to work out which amongst these candidates is the one to back or, thirdly, one can ‘Dutch’ them up that if any of these horses win then a profit can be made. This is where the dutching calculator comes into play.

Dutching is the process used to back more than one horse in a race and by mathematically placing the correct bet on each horse so that whichever horse wins the same amount of money is returned assuming, of course, that one of the backed horses actually does win.

Dutching calculator is a very powerful betting device and is reputedly named after Al Capone’s accountant who used this to great effect when backing horses. This calculator for dutching tells you how much to stake on each selection to ensure an equal profit no matter which one wins. Simply enter the price for each of your fancied selections in decimal format and your maximum total stake below.

In particular, this dutching calculator allows one to bet with a preset stake or to get educated how much one should wager to return a fixed profit, it at all possible. In addition this calculator for dutching allows the user to enter either the traditional fractional odds or the ‘American’ decimal odds as used on the betting exchanges.

Enter in the Stake box the figure that you wish to stake in total or enter in the Profit box the revenue you are looking to make with a successful Dutch. Then add in each of the boxes place the odds of the horses which you wish to back.

This Dutching calculator, despite its simple interface, has a variety of features. First, the prices can be entered to either the decimal format (as seen on the exchanges) or in partial format (as used by bookmakers). If the price entered has a ‘/’ (e.g. 100/30) then the Decimal format is unspecified.

Second, with calculator for dutching, one the user can select the answer required. The user can choose between the “I have a £100 to place on this race, how do I divide it up?” option and the “I would like to win £100 on this race.

Third, it figures out the revenue (on a successful bet, of course) and the ROI% (Return on Investment) so that the user can work out if this Dutching bet is will be profitable, as no one wants a negative profit, and worth the risk.

In big fields, no matter what the sport, more often than not, you’ll fancy more than two probabilities. Rather than pick one and kick yourself when the one you neglected compels, it’s rational to ‘Dutch’ and back them all – and you can get surprisingly first class returns as long as the prices are big enough. With the use of dutching calculator, all of these possibilities can turn into a reality.

Source by John H. Anthony

Sports Psychology And Baseball: How To Be A Mentally Tough Pitcher

This year baseball playoffs and the World Series are approaching rapidly. As always, pitching will play a key role in determining which teams will do well in post season play.

Pitchers who can perform well at this crucial time of the year require a special kind of physical toughness and mental toughness.

Where physical toughness is concerned, pitchers who play well at the end of the year need to have energy and strength to continue to pitch well after spring training and after a one hundred and sixty two game regular season schedule.

Where mental toughness is concerned, the best pitchers know how to remain relaxed, confident and focused when the pitch in these tense, post season games. They benefit from having control over their range of pitches. They also benefit from being able to get ahead of hitters and from knowing hitters strengths and weaknesses. Previous playoff experience also seems to help pitchers to adjust to the special kind of pressure that is a part of championship baseball.

But, how do pitchers develop mental toughness?

Some pitchers use traditional sport psychology techniques like relaxation training, meditation, self-hypnosis, visualization, guided imagery and pre-pitch routines in order to perform to their fullest potential on the mound. I teach these kinds of techniques to pitchers all the time.

A recent study by my colleague, Anthony Cinelli at Boston University, sheds some interesting insight into how pitchers develop mental toughness.

Mr. Cinelli, who pitched in college and who has studied the psychology of pitching, approached me several months ago because he wanted to collaborate with me on some research about mental toughness, choking and staying in the zone.

We decided to interview pitchers about these issues.

Interestingly, ten of the nineteen college pitchers who were interviewed, stated that their father played an essential role in their development of mental toughness. That is,
fifty two percent of these pitchers attributed the early learning of mental toughness to contact with and coaching from their dads.

Many young baseball players are first introduced to this sport by their fathers. So, their dad t is often their first coach. Therefore, fathers often play a crucial role in how an a pitcher develops physically and mentally.

Some of the pitchers interviewed also attributed the learning of mental toughness was function of watching their fathers behavior in their careers and in their businesses.

Apparently, the young pitchers started to model some of the behaviors, attitudes and actions that were demonstrated by their fathers in the world of work. In short, they took what they observed their dad's doing in their lives and brought some of these attitudes and behaviors to the baseball field.

Others pitchers stated that fathers taught them valuable lessons about being accountable, taking responsibility and learning to accept good and bad performances.

While this study has a small sample, it does seem to reinforce the importance that early learning, relationships between parents and kids and early coaching can have on the development of mental toughness among pitchers.

Source by Jay P. Granat, Ph.D.